Particle kinematics and dynamics; conservation of energy and linear momentum; rotational kinematics; rigid body dynamics; conservation of angular momentum; simple harmonic motion; gravitation; the statics and dynamics of ﬂuids.

**Co-Requisites:**
MATH101

Wave motion and sound; temperature, first and second law of thermodynamics; kinetic theory of gases; Coulomb’s law; the electric field; Gauss’s law; electric potential; capacitors and dielectrics; D.C. circuits; the magnetic field; Ampere’s and Faraday’s laws.

**Pre-Requisites:**
PHYS101

**Co-Requisites:**
MATH102

Electronic structure of isolated atoms; atoms bonding, crystal structure, energy bands in solids; electrons and holes in semiconductors, drift and diﬀusion, mobility, recombination and lifetime, conductivity; PN junctions, I(V)characteristic, applications; photo detectors, Light emitting diodes, Solar-cell, Bipolar transistor, MOSFET and JFET, Lasers, Magnetic Properties.

**Pre-Requisites:**
PHYS102

This is the Lab component of General Physics III. It consists of selected experiments in electrical circuits, geometrical and physical optics as well as modern physics.

**Co-Requisites:**
PHYS204

Vector Calculus, Matrix algebra, Fourier Series and Transforms, Functions of a complex variable; Contour integration and Residue theorem; Orthogonal Polynomials; Partial diﬀerential equations; Introduction to tensors. (Not open for credit to students who have taken MATH 333 or Math 302)

**Co-Requisites:**
MATH202

Special relativity; quantum mechanics: the particle and wave aspects of matter; quantum mechanics in one and three dimensions, quantum theory of the hydrogen atom; atomic physics; statistical physics; selected topics in solid state physics; nuclear physics. Not open for credit to students who have taken PHYS 201.

**Pre-Requisites:**
PHYS102

Quantum mechanics: the particle and wave aspects of matter; quantum mechanics in one and three dimensions, quantum theory of the hydrogen atom; atomic physics; statistical physics; selected topics from molecular Physics, solid state physics, nuclear physics, elementary particle physics, and cosmology.

**Pre-Requisites:**
PHYS102

Celestial mechanics; the solar system; stellar measurement; stellar magnitudes and spectra; galaxies; cosmology, Light and Telescopes, Parallaxes, Early and Modern History of Astronomy including contributions of Arab and Muslim Scientists.

**Pre-Requisites:**
PHYS102

Selected topics from materials engineering, nuclear physics, aerodynamics, energy, electronics, communications, biological systems, terrestrial and celestial natural systems.

**Pre-Requisites:**
PHYS102

A survey of energy sources and resources; a quantitative evaluation of energy technologies; the production, transportation, and consumption of energy. Topics covered include Nuclear energy; fossil fuels; solar energy; wind energy; hydropower; geothermal energy; energy storage and distribution; automotive transportation.

**Pre-Requisites:**
PHYS102

Properties of space-time; the Lorentz transformation; paradoxes; four vector formulations of mechanics and electromagnetism.

**Pre-Requisites:**
PHYS102

Lagrangian formalism in the study of Euler equations for rigid body motion and coupled oscillations; continuous systems and waves; special theory of relativity and relativistic kinematics; Hamiltonian dynamics, Poisson Brackets and conserved quantities, introduction to chaos.

**Pre-Requisites:**
PHYS300

An introductory course in electronics and the methods of experimental physics. The physics of semiconductors; junction transistor; amplifiers; feedback circuits; oscillators; nonlinear devices; digital electronics; digital logic; counters and registers; analog to digital converters.

**Pre-Requisites:**
PHYS102

Maxwell’s Equations, Conservation Laws, Electromagnetic waves, Potentials and fields, Electromagnetic Radiation, Relativity and Relativistic Electrodynamics.

**Pre-Requisites:**
PHYS305

Physics of semi-conductors; junction transistors; ampliﬁers; feedback circuits; oscillators; nonlinear devices; digital electronics; digital logic; counters and registers; analog-to-digital converters.

**Pre-Requisites:**
PHYS205

Curve ﬁtting processes; fundamentals of the theory of statistics; evaluation of experimental data; estimation of errors; computer interfacing and data acquisition. Selected experiments in physics will be performed in conjunction with lecture material.

**Pre-Requisites:**
PHYS308

Electronic structure of isolated atoms; atoms bonding, crystal structure, energy bands in solids; electrons and holes in semiconductors, drift and diﬀusion, mobility, recombination and lifetime, conductivity; PN junctions, I(V)characteristic, applications; photo detectors, Light emitting diodes, Solar-cell, Bipolar transistor, MOSFET and JFET, Semiconducting Lasers.

**Pre-Requisites:**
PHYS102

Introduction to atomic and nuclear structure, Radioactivity, Properties of ionizing radiation, interaction of radiation with matter, detection methods, dosimetry, biological eﬀects of radiation, external and internal radiation protection.

**Pre-Requisites:**
PHYS102

Computer simulation of physical systems; simulation techniques; programming methods; comparison of ideal and realistic systems; limitations of physical theory, behavior of physical systems. (Not open for students who have taken MATH 371 or CISE 301) .

**Pre-Requisites:**
ICS104
,
PHYS201
,
PHYS212
,
PHYS204
,
PHYS213
,
ICS103
,
ICS102
,
ICS101

Students are required to spend one summer working in industry prior to the term in which they expect to graduate. Students are required to submit a report and make a presentation on their summer training experience and the knowledge gained. The student may also do his summer training by doing research and other academic activities.

**Pre-Requisites:**
ENGL214

Review of Special Relativity, Tensor Calculus and Spacetime curvature, Equivalence Principle, Einstein Field Equations and their spherical solution, Black Holes; Experimental Tests of General Relativity Prerequisite: PHYS 306 or Consent of Instructor

**Pre-Requisites:**
PHYS306

A course may be offered in conjunction with current research at the Surface Science Laboratory. Topics covered include: preparation of clean surfaces; experimental methods such as XPS, UPS, Auger, and LEED; thin films; surface states; temperature effects.

**Pre-Requisites:**
PHYS432

The two-ﬂuid model, electrodynamics of superconductors. Thermodynamics of phase transition in type I and type II superconductors. Landau-Ginzburg phenomenological theory of type II superconductors: coherence length, vortices, Abrikosov vortex lattice, critical ﬁelds and vortex ﬂow dynamics. The microscopic theory of BCS, electron pairing.

**Pre-Requisites:**
PHYS432

Single-particle motions; plasmas as ﬂuids; waves in plasmas; diﬀusion and resistivity; equilibrium and stability; a simple introduction to kinetic theory; nonlinear eﬀects; controlled fusion.

**Pre-Requisites:**
PHYS306

Review of relevant Quantum Mechanics concepts including linear vector spaces, Entanglement, the EPR paradox, and Bell’s inequality. Quantum Computation including the qubit, quantum gates and search algorithms. Quantum Communication including cryptography and teleportation. Overview of some experimental implementations.

**Pre-Requisites:**
MATH280
,
MATH260
,
MATH225
,
MATH208
,
PHYS210

Introduction to ion trap, spin, NV-center, and circuit qubit, Quantum electrical circuits, superconductivity, Josephson Junction (JJ)-based non-linear harmonic oscillators, JJ-based superconducting circuit-qubits, noise and decoherence, cavity and circuit quantum electrodynamics (QED), microwave-based measurements in circuit QED.

**Pre-Requisites:**
PHYS471

This is a continuation of PHYS 497. The student carries out research, writes a thesis, and defends it at the end of the semester.

**Pre-Requisites:**
PHYS497

Students have the opportunity to present and attend seminars on topics of current research interest.